I+1 or I+100?

TPRS is based on comprehensible input, and believes that students learn by input. Other major approaches to date have been based on output, and believe that student learn by outputting language. So, the two are not really compatible. They are based on completely...

Is “free” reading what it’s really worth?

Free-reading is great. Everyone wants a classroom library. Everyone wants to have kids sitting quietly, absorbed in authentic materials in the target language. But is it the best use of acquisitional time for a novice-level learner? I say no. Because free reading is...

How do you learn new words if everything is known?

On a Chinese-learning forum, a user asked: I understand how CI develops the ability to recognise and produce appropriate structures and functions in a language, but if the input is all known to the learner (in terms of vocabulary used) how does the learner acquire the...