Red shirts

If you are communicating with another person, there is a standard for what that looks like… ^THIS is the core of the issue. This is what people don’t get about grading behaviors or appearances in the classroom. There is no universal natural standard for...

Substituting ingredients

There’s been some discussion of late about why some people feel (myself included) that so-called “TCI” (Teaching with Comprehensible Input) should not be lumped in with TPRS. There are number of reasons for this. First off, TPRS is a self-contained...

Targeted Input and the Competence Gap

I am glad to see that Stephen Krashen has reconsidered the wording which previously stated that TPRS becomes AL-M when the input is targeted. However, removing the inflammatory language hasn’t changed the basic idea being put forth. Krashen says he is simply...